What are the Primary Sources for Jesus’s Resurrection?


My article “What are the Primary Sources for Jesus’s Resurrection?” in The City, 9.1, 2016, 23-30. In the study of history, primary sources are the documents and artifacts closest to the matter being investigated. They are dated very close to the events they describe. In contrast, secondary sources use primary sources when writing about a… Read More

My Brief Reflection of the Movie “Risen”

Risen Movie

The movie “Risen” that many of us have anticipated is now showing in theaters. I just watched it with my wife, daughter, and son-in-law. I’m not going to spoil the movie for others by getting into many details. In fact, aside from the fictitious main character—a Roman Tribune—and some expected dramatic license, there were very… Read More

Logos Bible Software

Logos Icon

There are a lot of free Bible study apps available today. For many, this is all they need. But some want the ability to go deeper—much deeper.  These need a robust software package and there are three companies that have offerings of the highest quality: BibleWorks, Accordance, and Logos. I have all three and find… Read More

Gospel Differences & Compositional Textbooks

Training in rhetoric was part of the educational process for aspiring authors in antiquity. That process included work using compositional textbooks, also referred to as rhetorical handbooks. Exercises in these trained the student to alter texts in the interest of paraphrasing. Not surprisingly, when reading ancient texts, including the Gospels, we observe their authors altering their source texts as trained. This practice resulted in differences in the way a story was reported. The differences are minor but of interest.